Oxigenoterapia Hiperbarica para ayudar en el Tratamiento De Gangrena Gaseosa

¿CON QUE PUEDE AYUDAR LA CÁMARA HIPERBÁRICA EN UNA GANGREAN GASEOSA (miositis clostridial y mionecrosis)?

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El tratamiento de la gangrena gaseosa con Oxigenoterapia Hiperbárica (OHB), utilizando presiones por arriba de los 2.0 ATA ofrece varios beneficios:

  1. Mejora la oxigenación: La OHB suministra oxígeno puro a altas presiones, lo que aumenta significativamente la cantidad de oxígeno disuelto en la sangre y los tejidos. Esto ayuda a combatir la infección y promueve la curación de los tejidos afectados.

  2. Combate infecciones: La gangrena gaseosa es causada por bacterias anaerobias que prosperan en entornos con poco oxígeno. La OHB crea un ambiente rico en oxígeno que es tóxico para estas bacterias, lo que ayuda a eliminar la infección.

  3. Para la cascada inflamatorio: La OHB puede reducir la inflamación en la zona afectada, aliviando el dolor y el edema.

  4. Acelera la curación de heridas: El oxígeno adicional promueve la formación de tejido de granulación y tejido de cicatrización, lo que acelera la cicatrización de las heridas y reduce la necesidad de amputaciones.

  5. Mejora la supervivencia de los tejidos: Al proporcionar oxígeno a los tejidos dañados, la OHB ayuda a preservar los tejidos afectados y reduce la extensión de la gangrena.

  6. Reduce la necesidad de amputaciones: La OHB puede disminuir la gravedad de la gangrena y, en algunos casos, evitar la necesidad de amputaciones. Usándose como tratamiento coadyuvante.

  7. Mejora la calidad de vida: Al reducir el daño tisular y las complicaciones, el tratamiento con OHB puede mejorar la calidad de vida de las personas con gangrena gaseosa.

LA TERAPIA HIPERBARICA PARA LA GANGRENA GASEOSA

a gangrena gaseosa es una infección grave y potencialmente mortal que se caracteriza por la muerte del tejido debido a bacterias anaerobias que producen gases. El tratamiento de la gangrena gaseosa con Oxigenoterapia Hiperbárica (OHB) ofrece beneficios significativos. Durante una sesión de OHB, los pacientes respiran oxígeno puro a presiones más altas que las condiciones normales, lo que aumenta la cantidad de oxígeno disuelto en la sangre y los tejidos. Este ambiente rico en oxígeno es tóxico para las bacterias anaerobias, lo que combate la infección y acelera la curación de las heridas. La OHB también reduce la inflamación, mejora la supervivencia de los tejidos afectados y puede disminuir la necesidad de amputaciones. 

En general, la OHB es una herramienta valiosa en el tratamiento de la gangrena gaseosa, que complementa otras intervenciones médicas, como ejemplo cirugía para eliminar el tejido muerto, administración de antibióticos y otros cuidados médicos. Esto puede mejorar significativamente las posibilidades de recuperación y supervivencia de los pacientes.

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CÓMO SIRVE LA TERAPIA EN CÁMARA HIPERBÁRICA PARA EL TRATAMIENTO COADYUVANTE DE LA GANGRENA GASEOSA

Mas detallado con estudios de soporte

Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society. (2021). Indications for Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy. Retrieved from https://www.uhms.org/resources/hbo-indications.html

Liceaga, D. E. (2014). GUÍAS CLÍNICAS DE DIAGNÓSTICO Y TRATAMIENTO DEL SERVICIO DE CÁMARA HIPERBÁRICA. Ciudad de Mexico: Hospital General de Mexico.

https://www.uhms.org/3-clostridial-myositis-and-myonecrosis-gas-gangrene.html

Chapter 4: Clostridial Myonecrosis (Gas Gangrene)
Robert A. van Hulst, MD, PhD, FUHM, Capt Navy (ret ), Dirk J. Bakker MD, PhD, FUHM,
Benjamin Cherng MD, C.R. Soh MD
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